International Journal of
Energy and Environment (IJEE)
International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE)
is a multi-disciplinary, peer-reviewed open access journal, covering all areas
of energy and environment related fields that apply to the science and
engineering communities. IJEE aims to promote rapid communication and dialogue
among researchers, scientists, and engineers working in the areas of energy and
environment. The journal provides a focus for activities concerning the
development, assessment and management of energy and environment related
programs. The emphasis is placed on original research, both analytical and
experimental, which is of permanent interest to engineers and scientists,
covering all aspects of energy and environment. It is hoped that this journal
will prove to be an important factor in raising the standards of discussion,
analyses, and evaluations relating to energy and environment programs. All
manuscripts with significant research results in the areas of energy and
environment and their application are welcome.
Types of Paper
The International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE) accepts research papers and review papers.
Research papers: A research paper presents the results of investigations on a relevant subject matter. Guide for Authors should be followed.
Review Papers: A review paper succinctly reviews recent progress
on a specific subject of active research. It should summarize the current state
of knowledge of the topic by discussing the findings presented in recent
research papers. Guide for Authors should be followed.
The International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE) is the official journal of the International Energy and Environment Foundation (IEEF). The journal enjoys the full support of the IEEF, who provide funds to cover all costs of publication, including the Article Processing Charges (APCís) for all authors. Therefore the journal is both free to read and free to publish in for everyone.
Ethics in Publishing
It is not permissible for author(s) to simultaneously submit essentially the same manuscript to the IJEE and other journal(s). Plagiarism in any form will not be tolerated. The submission of a multiauthored manuscript by a corresponding author implies that all co-authors had made significant contributions to the work. Ethics topics to consider when publishing:
Authorship of the paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study.
Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
Data access and retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.
Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication.
Acknowledgement of sources: Proper acknowledgment.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
Hazards and human or animal subjects: Statements of compliance are required if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, or if it involves the use of animal or human subjects.
Use of patient images or case details: Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.
Screening for Plagiarism
We use plagiarism detection. According to Oxford on-line dictionary, Plagiarism means: The practice of taking someone elseís work or ideas and passing them off as oneís own. The Editorial Board of the International Journal of Energy and Environment will check any case of plagiarism on its own merits. If the plagiarism is detected, either by the editor or peer reviewer at any stage before publication of the manuscript - before or after acceptance, during editing or at page proof stage, we will alert the author(s), asking him/her to either rewrite the text or quote the text exactly and to cite the original text. If at least 15% of the original submission is plagiarised, the International Journal of Energy and Environment has the right to reject the manuscript.
Policy and Ethics
work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with
The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of
Helsinki) for experiments involving humans http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html;
EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/legislation_en.htm;
Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals
http://www.icmje.org. This must be stated at an appropriate point in the
Conflict of Interest
authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of
interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other
people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work
that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their
Submission Declaration and Verification
of an article implies that the work described has not been published
previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published
lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for
publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and
tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was
carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in
the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically
without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
Authors who wish to reproduce illustrations that have already been published elsewhere must obtain the permission of the copyright holder and credit the source(s) in the article before submitting their work.
Review Process and Editing
All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the editorial board or qualified outside reviewers. As soon as we receive an article, the editorial office will pre-screen your manuscript. The officer will check whether the manuscript is valid and language is fluent and necessary factors are all included. The editor reserves the right to return manuscripts that do not conform to the instructions for manuscript preparation and artwork instruction, as well as papers that do not fit the scope of the journal, prior to refereeing. Following is a formal review process accomplished by other official reviewers. Taking care of the recommendations of the reviewers, the Editor-in-Chief then decides whether the particular article may be accepted as it is, or it may be revised or rejected. It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authorsí names and affiliations. All submitted papers will be reviewed in about 4 ~ 6 weeks.
acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal
License Agreement'. An e-mail will be sent to the
corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a
'Journal License Agreement' link to the online version of this
agreement (PDF of this license).
Authors of articles published in International Journal of Energy and Environment are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article, according to the journal license agreement.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. IJEE is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation. (Please see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Role of the Funding Source
You are requested to identify who
provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of
the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study
design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing
of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the
funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.
Open Access provides
free, unrestricted online access to the scholarly literature to anyone in
the world. At IEEF, we are convinced that everyone - not only scientists -
can benefit from research results, and we publish all our articles
exclusively under open access distribution, with a Creative Commons
attribution license agreement. Readers have the right to use, distribute,
and reproduce in any medium, provided the source is properly cited.
The publication costs for International Journal of Energy and Environment are covered by IEEF, so authors do not need to pay an article-processing charge. All articles will be published in full color in both online and printed versions free of charge. The authors do not pay any kind of publication fees, registration fees, or subscription fees. There are no any hidden fees.
Fees and Charges
All articles will be published in full color in both online and printed versions free of charge. The Authors do not pay any kind of publication fees, registration fees, subscription fees or "donation".
When the completed article is ready to enter the production process, it is copyedited in the style of the journal, typeset, and structured for publishing. The artwork is sized and scanned according to the required specifications and a page proof is generated for corresponding author to carry out a final check. Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.
Because IJEE will be published freely online to attract a wide audience, authors will have free electronic access to the full text of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
Order Journal (Optional)
The print copy's (hard copy) of the IJEE can be ordered using the following email "JournalCustomerService@IJEE.IEEFoundation.org". The annual subscription price for six issues (hard copy) is USD 900. Free shipping on all orders via "international express shipping".
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted,
but not a mixture of these).
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details (E-mail address) and (Full postal address).
Manuscript as a single file (Microsoft Word) with figures and tables embedded:
All figures at high-resolution (include relevant captions).
All tables (including titles, description, footnotes).
Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'.
All figures and tables are cited in the text.
All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa. Citations must be numbered consecutively in square brackets.
Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
Relevant declarations of interest have been made.
Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.
Failure to comply with this list may result in your paper not being considered for publication in this Journal.
Manuscripts should be sent via e-mail as attachment to: firstname.lastname@example.org
You will receive a confirmation email with your manuscript reference number within 72 hours. If you do not receive the confirmation email, please check your SPAM E-mail folder just in case the confirmation email got delivered there instead of your inbox.
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name.
The abstract (about 150 words) should be informative, concisely stating the subject, and giving a clear indication of the nature and range of the results contained in the paper. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
The introduction should define clearly the nature of the problem being considered. Reference should be made to previously published pertinent papers, accenting the major original contributions.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study should be presented in a short Conclusions section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Nomenclature and units
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI.
Please submit math equations as editable text, using Microsoft Equation Editor, and not as images. Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text. Be sure that the symbols used in your equation have been defined immediately following.
Please make sure that artworks are in the correct resolution. Submit usable color figures then IEEF will ensure that these figures will appear in full color in both online and printed versions free of charge.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Number figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.
Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.
Example: '..... as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones  obtained a different result ....'
List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in
the order in which they appear in the text.
Reference to a journal publication:
 J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Sci. Commun. 163 (2010) 51Ė59.
Reference to a book:
 W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
 G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281Ė304.
Reference to a website:
 Cancer Research UK, Cancer statistics reports for the UK. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/, 2003 (accessed 13.03.03).
Authors may include biographies at the end of regular papers. After the authorís name, the authorís educational background is listed: type of degree in what field, which institution, city, state or country, and year degree was earned. The authorís major field of study should be lower-cased. The second paragraph uses the pronoun of the person (he or she) and not the authorís last name. Information concerning previous publications may be included. Current and previous research interests end the paragraph. The third paragraph begins with the authorís title and last name (e.g., Dr. Smith, Prof. Jones, Mr. David, Ms. Elizabeth). List any memberships in professional societies.
The email address of the author immediately after the end of author's biography. The author's photograph (3 cm width) is placed at the top left of the biography.